What is it about characters from literature who are awful, miserable, hideous people? What makes them so awesome?
The answer is: Brilliant writing.
(That and the fact that they’re fictional, as opposed to being the people who live next door!)
Writers who ask readers to pal around with hideous characters—especially when said characters are MAIN characters—are asking a lot. So there must be a serious payoff to make the reader invest in the misery of hanging around with unlikables.
What techniques do authors use to create characters and antagonists we LOVE and HATE with equal fervor?
We took a look.
List Of Famous Unlikable Characters From Literature:
Humbert Humbert in Lolita.
Why we hate him: Humbert isn’t just unlikable…he’s nauseating and worthy of being reviled. Dude: Even if Lolita were a manipulative vixen, she’s twelve! Hands off, Humbert!
Why we love him: Okay—love might be kind of a strong word for Humbert. But we LOVE how Nabokov makes him a comic figure as opposed to one we must take seriously. Humbert’s pathetic, self-deprecating, and often hilarious narrative is (almost but not quite) his salvation.
The lesson: A great voice can go a long way toward empathy (or at least, fascination).
Paloma in The Elegance of the Hedgehog.
Why we hate her: At one point, this precocious twelve-year-old is referred to as “the judge of the world.” She’s judgmental, elitist, cynical, and unkind. She’s so disappointed in humanity that she plans to kill herself on her thirteenth birthday. Fun times.
Why we love her: She’s also fascinating. Her insights about the world are marvelous. It’s impossible to look away. And beneath her prickles, she also has a vulnerability we can’t help but love.
The lesson: Dazzling insight can make even the most bitter pill a bit more palatable.
Severus Snape in Harry Potter
Why we hate him: We can all hear him (well, Alan Rickman’s version of him) growling “Potterrrrr.” He is snarky, cruel, foreboding, and always there to give Harry and his buddies an incredibly hard time. And, come on, no one really believed that he wasn’t secretively working for Voldemort despite Dumbledore’s faith. We all shared Harry’s certainty that Snape was a creep with a capital “C”.
Why we love him: One word: Redemption. Never before has a character made such a posthumous 180 in literature from heartless to a man with an unparalleled capacity to love. The seeds were planted right there from the beginning, but none of us could see it. It made us cry, it made us scold ourselves for being so hard on him, and it even made Harry honor him by giving one of his children the horrible name “Severus.”
The lesson: Readers love to be surprised, and they especially love when it turns out that the bad guy wasn’t bad so much as misunderstood.
Patrick Bateman in American Psycho.
Why we hate him: It’s believed that he’s a psychopath killer. Nuff said.
Why we love him: Again…there’s that love word. Author Bret Easton Ellis keeps us hanging in through American Psycho in part because Patrick ultimately longs to be caught and stopped. But in the messed-up world that he lives in (perhaps in his own mind), Patrick gets away with murder in unbelievable coincidences of (bad?) luck. Ultimately, he becomes a tragic figure in a tragedy of his own making—and it’s hard not to feel some emotion for him.
The lesson: Bad characters who want to be saved from themselves really tug the heartstrings.
Gollum/Sméagol from Lord of the Rings.
Why we hate him: Gollum commits murder in order to acquire the Ring. He’s devious and ruled by greed. His mind has been twisted by the power of the Ring.
Why we love him: Essentially, he’s a slave to the Ring. It’s hard not to feel a little bad—he was just in the wrong place at the wrong time. If he’d never encountered the Ring, who knows what kind of character he might have been. Tolkien shows us how vulnerability makes a “bad” character more worthy of our sympathy. He also shows how fate can play a big part in how readers will relate to characters, even bad ones.
The lesson: Vulnerability and pathos can make us weep with sympathy, even while we wouldn’t trust this character farther than we could throw him.
QUESTION: What elements do you think make an unlikable character very “readable”?
Snape is my favorite! I bawled my eyes out at the end of the HP series; I’m even contemplating getting a tattoo of the Deathly Hallows with “always” written underneath it.
These are such good examples and you made some fantastic points. Another great aspect of a good antagonist is a smart antagonist with a lot of depth. Even if what they’re doing is reprehensible, seeing the inner workings of their mind and the way they go about enacting their plans, like Iago in “Othello” or someone like that. Villains can be fun!
Very helpful article!
Regina– I LOVE Othello! Well, I mean, not as a person. He is pretty much the epitome of evil. But what makes him such an interesting character is that he is so intelligent and that he speaks right to the audience.
I think that solid, believable fiction has to showcase dynamic characters, that have a little bit of evil and a little bit of good. Because honestly, how many truly evil people are there in real life?
I love Gollum. My brother and I take turns delighting children with his mannerisms. We loves the ring!
A weakness also endears us to unlikeable characters.
I don’t think Snape was redeemed at all I still hate the guy.
For me, it’s being able to relate and empathize. Yes this person is horrible, but there’s these other parts of him that are good. He does horrible things, and sometimes they’re understandable. Obviously we all know why it’s horrible to do this bad thing, but we can’t help but relate.
The other thing I like is when a bad character does things I can see my self doing, things an ordinary person might do under such circumstances. That ties into the relateable category. If someone does X to me, I can see myself do Y to them in return, and to see a ‘bad guy’ do that makes them more human and understandable to me.
I *never* hated Snape. As soon as I found out that he saved Harry’s life in the Philosopher’s Stone I was rooting for him. And when I found out that he had renounced Voldemort *before* he was defeated I supported him more. The discovery of how he’d been bullied by James Potter and his friends (who tried to kill him by tricking him to go to the Shrieking Shack at the full moon), and how he had been constantly belittled for his appearance and poverty – I felt more on his side, and was angry at Harry for not seeing what a jerk his father really was. (Why Lily ever loved James is beyond me. Sure, even if she didn’t get with Snape, Lupin was a much nicer person than James. And Sirius was sexier). The memories in The Order of the Phoenix too – I felt sorry for Snape and empathised with him. I was shocked when he killed Dumbledore, but I was holding out for redemption even then. Of course, by the end of the last book I loved him.
Personally, I feel Umbridge was the queen of unlikeable.