When And How Should You Use i.e. & e.g. In A Sentence?

Have you seen or heard others use the abbreviations i.e. and e.g. and felt envious or bewildered?

Many people have only a vague understanding of e.g. and i.e.—enough familiarity to gather what is meant by it, but not enough to use it confidently themselves. Read on for a simple straightforward explanation of the elusive Latin abbreviations.

e.g. is an abbreviation of exempli gratia, which means “for example.”
Use e.g. before listing examples of the previous statement.
I write poetry and prose in my journals, but they also serve other purposes; e.g. calculating gratuity.

i.e. is an abbreviation of id est; translation: “that is.”
Use i.e. before clarifying or adding to the previous statement.
When I went on vacation last week, I brought my favorite writing journal; i.e., the one with the beaded cover.

Our preferred reference manual, i.e. Gregg Reference Manual, suggests:
“Use the abbreviated forms e.g. and i.e. only in informal, technical, or ‘expedient’ documents (such as business forms, catalogs, and routine e-mail messages, memos, and letters between business offices).”

NOTE: Do not italicize i.e. and e.g. Although they are abbreviations for Latin words, they are considered standard English because they’ve been in use for so long. Don’t leave out the periods though. Remember, they are abbreviations!

Leave a reply






Learn More
Live Chat Software

Free Publishing Leads and Tips

Sign up to have our e-publication, Submit Write Now!, delivered weekly to your inbox.

Join the 30,000+ writers who receive:

  • FREE submission tips
  • Hot publishing leads
  • Calls to submit
  • And much more!

Close this popup

Sign Up Today!

BONUS: Receive a free copy of formatting guidelines—our gift to you!

We promise not to share your information.